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Colon Cancer Care

Cancer touches nearly everyone in some way. Studies show one in 20 adults will develop colon cancer during her lifetime. That’s why Fairfield Medical Center has a team of nationally recognized experts who work together to make sure no cancer patient has to fight the battle alone. Our high level of expertise and care is driven from our passion to care for you.

To learn more about colorectal cancer and how we can help you fight it, click on any of the links below.

Colon Cancer Causes and Risks
Colon Cancer Resources
Colon Cancer Symptoms
Colon Cancer Treatments

Fairfield Medical Center’s cancer program is nationally recognized through the Commission on Cancer. Oncologists Dr. Singh and Dr. Saha use state-of-the-art technology, that can help detect cancer in its earliest of stages. Once diagnosed, each patient is connected with an oncology nurse navigator who is there every step of the way to provide guidance, support and education. In addition, Fairfield Medical Center has a Cancer Resource Center that provides services, programs and classes for both cancer patients and survivors.

Colon Cancer Causes and Risks

While the cause of colorectal cancer is unknown, there are certain known risk factors. Some risk factors, like excessively drinking alcohol, can be controlled. Others, such as a person's family history, can't be changed.

Researchers have found some factors that could potentially increase a person's chance of getting polyps or colorectal cancer.

Risk factors you cannot change:

  • Your age: Your potential for developing polyps or colorectal cancer increase as you age.
  • If you have previously had colorectal cancer or certain kinds of polyps, your chances of developing colon cancer increases.
  • If you have a history of ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease, you are at a higher risk for developing colon cancer later in life.
  • A family history of colorectal cancer means that you have an increased chance of facing colon cancer yourself.
  • A person with Type 2 diabetes has an increased risk of developing colon cancer, as well.
  • If your family has a history of certain syndromes, like familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC, also called Lynch syndrome), you have an increased chance of developing colon cancer as you age.

Risk factors you can change:

  • A diet that is high in red meats and processed meats will increase a person's chance of developing colon cancer later in life.
  • Studies have shown that cooking meats at very high temperatures (frying, broiling, or grilling) can create chemicals that could potentially increase a person's cancer risk.
  • Lack of exercise.
  • Being very overweight (or obese).
  • Smoking.
  • Heavy alcohol use.
Colon Cancer Resources

Fairfield Medical Center and our Cancer Resource Center provide a vast array of support programs, resources and care for our patients with colorectal cancer. These programs and resources can help you and your family address issues that you may face as a result of your cancer diagnosis, or its treatment.

Fairfield Medical Cancer Resource Center

The Fairfield Medical Cancer Resource Center is open to any cancer patient and their support people. Educational classes, support services and retail products are offered to reduce stress and ease recovery and coping processes. The center is staffed Monday through Friday (or by appointment) by an FMC coordinator and volunteers, many of whom are cancer survivors.
135 N. Ewing St., Lancaster, Ohio 43130
fmchealth.org/cancer resource center

Cancer Support Fund

The FMC and TWIG 1 Cancer Care Fund offers individualized assistance to those patients who qualify. Click Here for more information on this program.

Circle of Hope Cancer Support Group

This group provides hope, support, information and friendship to anyone touched by cancer, including patients, survivors, family members and friends. Individuals coping with any type of chronic illness are welcome. The group meets the fourth Thursday of most months from 6:30-8:30 p.m. in the meeting room of the Greenfield Township Fire Department, 3245 Havensport Road near the intersection of Election House and Coonpath roads. For more information, call 740-756-7084 or email circleofhopecsg@aol.com. Visit the Circle of Hope website at circleofhopecsg.vpweb.com.

American Cancer Society’s Cancer Survivors Network

This network is composed of an online community where survivors and caregivers share their experiences and recommend helpful resources. For more information, go to csn.cancer.org.

American Cancer Society’s “I Can Cope”

This is a support program (in-person, online and telephone) for survivors and their loved ones. For more information, please call 1-800-227-2345 or go to cancer.org.

Cancer Support Community (formerly Gilda’s Club Worldwide and The Wellness Community)

This community is composed of support programs (in-person, online and telephone) for survivors and their loved ones. For more information, please call 1-888-793-9355 or visit cancersupportcommunity.org.

Mautner Project of Whitman-Walker Health

This project offers support programs (online and telephone) for lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals living with cancer and their partners. For more information, please visit whitman-walker.org/mautnerproject.

Fight Colorectal Cancer

Offers information on diagnosis and treatment, a phone or email Answer Line to help those with colorectal cancer questions, access to an online support community, and a monthly electronic newsletter. For more information, please call toll-free: 1-877-427-2111 or visit fightcolorectalcancer.org.

Colon Cancer Alliance

Offers support and information for survivors, caregivers, and others touched by colorectal cancer (CRC), a Buddy Program that matches people for one-on-one support, an online support program called My CCA Support where those affected by CRC can connect with others, and more. For more information, please visit ccalliance.org or call 1-877-422-2030.

Colon Cancer Symptoms

Since early colorectal cancers may not show any symptoms, it is critical to have your routine screening done.

People with colorectal cancer may notice one or more of these symptoms:

  • Changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation or narrowing of the stool, that takes place for more than a few days.
  • A feeling that you need to have a bowel movement that is not relieved by doing so.
  • Rectal bleeding.
  • Blood in the stool, which may cause the stool to look dark.
  • Cramping or abdominal (belly) pain.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Unintended weight loss.

Bleeding can occur from colorectal cancers. In people with colorectal cancer, blood loss can build up and lead to low red blood cell counts (anemia). In some instances, the first sign of colorectal cancer is a blood test showing a low red blood cell count.

Many of the symptoms associated with colorectal cancer are more often caused by something other than colorectal cancer, such as an infection, hemorrhoids, irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease. If you have any of these problems, see your physician so that the cause can be identified and treated. 

Colon Cancer Treatments

Our family of experts focuses all of their exceptional expertise and experiences on each patient with colon cancer. The comprehensive care you receive is designed to provide you with the most-efficient, least-invasive treatment, while making sure that you maintain the best possible quality of life.

Treatment Options for Colon Cancer

The most common treatment options are surgical procedures to remove any diseased polyp, any of the infected tissue, the infected part of the organ, or all of the organ. 

In advanced stages of colon cancer, chemoembolization may be performed. Chemoembolization is a procedure in which the blood supply to a tumor is blocked after anticancer drugs are given in blood vessels near the tumor. This procedure allows a higher amount of the prescribed drug to reach the tumor for a longer period of time, which may kill more cancer cells.

Radiation therapy is another option for advanced cases of colon cancer. Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells by damaging their DNA. The radiation used for cancer treatment may come from a machine outside the body, or it may come from radioactive material placed in the body near tumor cells or injected into the bloodstream.

Radiation therapy can damage normal cells as well as cancer cells. Therefore, treatment must be carefully planned to minimize side effects.