Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a specialized nursing unit designed to meet the comprehensive medical and surgical intensive nursing care needs of the critically ill residents of Fairfield County and the surrounding service area. The ICU strives to provide the highest quality of nursing care at the lowest possible cost in the safest environment possible.
The ICU scope of service encompasses a wide variety of medical and surgical diagnoses. The unit population includes but is not limited to patients with diagnoses of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, acute pulmonary edema, acute respiratory failure, sepsis and gastrointestinal bleed. Neuro diagnosis to include those patients with a positive or a suspected diagnosis of stroke, transient ischemic attack or seizures. Surgical diagnoses include but are not limited to nephrectomy, bowel resection, thoracotomy, and vascular surgery (includes coronary artery bypass grafting and Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm repair). Care is individualized to the patient to elevate the level of care focusing on the patient’s medical needs and based on best practice guidelines.The professional nursing staff are responsible for the ongoing assessment, treatment and evaluation of: ineffective airway clearance and inadequate gas exchange; alterations in perfusion related to decreased cardiac output; alterations in fluid volume; infection and maintenance of asepsis during wound care and invasive procedures. In addition, the nursing staff is also responsible to assess alterations in nutritional needs, comfort related to pain; patient and significant other education; and spiritual, cultural, and emotional needs of patients and their families. Treatments in the ICU include, but are not limited to: advanced airway maintenance with mechanical assistance; IV therapy; cardiac monitoring; hemodynamic monitoring; new pacemaker monitoring and maintenance; cardioversion; medication administration and monitoring; patient education; and discharge planning.
In providing a patient and family centered approach to patient care, the ICU professional nursing staff coordinates the patient’s plan of care with other departments throughout the Center.